12 Most important Dos and Don’ts to note when on self-drive safari around Uganda

Like Britain, the most important rule of self-drive in Uganda is “Keep Left”. Traffic in Uganda drives on the left and most cars on Ugandan roads have their driving wheel on the right. Tourists unfamiliar with this unspoken rule will find driving on the left-side, and other Uganda safari roads hassles, a bit handy.

Most tourists that visit Uganda live in countries where heavy traffic, congestion and ice and snow are almost the only problems encountered by drivers. They are therefore unaware of the hassles they are likely to meet once on the road in Uganda. 

Based on personal experience of living and daily driving in the outback of Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda, I have compiled (with inspiration from Brandt Guides Book) the following dos and don’ts self-drive travelers should be advised to keep in mind in order to make their trip to Uganda an enjoyable one: 

1. Never travel without the following: 

  • First-aid kit
  • Spare petrol to last for not less than 300km allowing for low-gear driving on rough roads (use jerry cans as the caps of plastic spare tanks often leak).
  • Oil enough to refill the sump 
  • Water of drinkable quality and for refilling the engine’s cooling system if it bursts 
  • Plastic bonding goo to fix sump, distributor cap, etc. 

2. Keep self-driving speed below 65km/hr

On corrugated roads, the most comfortable driving speed is about 65km/h. 

Always drive with anticipation and foresight and abstain from sudden steering movements, or steering and braking at the same time, both of which can result in skidding. For slowing down early, gentle breaking alternating with cautiously dosed accelerator application prevents the car from going out of control. 

3. Wade through Before crossing flooded roads

Some roads like Kisoro to Bwindi trailheads are unsurfaced. As a rule, however, unsurfaced roads tend to be very variable from one season to the next, with conditions likely to be most tricky during the rains and least so towards the end of the dry season.

Before negotiating flooded stretches of road, or rivers that aren’t too deep for the car first wade through to find out. Remove the fan belt to stop water from spraying around, which could upset the electrical systems of the engine.

Traverse the flooding in first gear with high revs to blow water from the exhaust. To remove water from electrical parts, use the hollow stem of tall-growing roadside grass as a pipette to drain less accessible areas of the engine compartment. 

4. Stop well ahead of bush fires. 

The fire’s front could well be 500m in length, and it doesn’t always travel in a straight line as one might assume, making it difficult to judge the course and progress from a moving vehicle with bends, slopes, trees, anthills and other obstacles obscuring the view ahead.

Traversing the fire in the belief that it can be negotiated without first checking the situation carefully is simply foolish: many a daring driver misjudging this type of scenario has found himself surrounded by choking smoke and intense heat in the middle of an inferno with no chance to retreat or get away. When in doubt, fire has the right of way! 

5. Don’t change a flat right-hand tire from the right side of the road

When you have to change a  flat right-hand tire, park on the left side of the road, and vice versa. African roads are seldom level and are most likely to slope down towards the shoulders, leaving insufficient clearance for the jack if the punctured tyre is on the road edge. Do beware of passing traffic! 

6. Rub ordinary bar soap on leaking gas tank hole to stop leaks 

If the petrol tank leaks due to small holes caused by flying stones, try rubbing a piece of ordinary household soap around the holes to stop the leakage: in the same way an eraser is applied for removing pencil marks from paper. 

7. Don’t park on dried savannah grass

During the dry season, patches of grass or savanna should be avoided when looking for a place to park, as there is a risk that the exhaust pipe or other hot engine parts will ignite the parched vegetation and spark off a fire, possibly damaging or destroying the car. 

If possible, leave the self-drive car in a field of young cotton, maize, groundnuts or other green vegetation. The damage caused to the crops will be negligible, provided the car is parked close to the perimeter of the field with the wheels resting on empty furrows. The owner of the field should, however, be informed. 

A dry riverbed would be an ideal alternative, but be aware that out of the blue it could become a raging stream — a slight risk during the dry season. 

8. Cary a fire extinguisher

It’s a good idea to have a fire extinguisher on board, of the professional type large enough to last for several minutes and also good for electrical fires. Drivers should be familiar with the technicalities of their extinguisher! 

Forget about fire-fighting sprays marketed like deodorants in little push-button spray-cans of a size fitting in the car’s glove compartment — they run dry within seconds. 

9. Filter the petrol while filling up

Petrol from remote filling stations or dubious pumps, drums or jerry cans might be dirty. To protect the engine, it may be prudent to use nylon stockings or some similar material to filter the petrol while filling up. 

10. Carry a Workshop Manual

For elementary on-the-road maintenance and repair jobs, having a workshop manual in the car would be an excellent idea, it may come in handy on your self-drive trip in the middle of nowhere. 

11. Beware of snakes crossing the road

Beware of any snake crossing the road ahead, since it may rear up and (if not killed first) could strike at any arm, elbow or hand sticking out of a window.

Should you accidentally run over the snake, look in your rear-view mirror or reverse to check it is dead. If it has vanished altogether, it could have lodged in your chassis or undercarriage, ready to attack when you alight, open the bonnet or boot, or change a wheel. A snake trapped in this manner will be very scared and aggressive, and will be fatal under such circumstances.  

12. On collision, stop at next police station

In the unfortunate event that you collide with a person or livestock on your self-drive, it’s not advisable to stop. Assuming that the car still drives, it’s safer to continue on to the next police station. 

This might sound harsh, but the reality is that an accident of this sort will often attract an angry panga-and stick-wielding crowd, possibly containing a drunken element, which will not hesitate to threaten and possibly attack the car’s occupants.

Onward,

A Self-drive safari trip in Uganda is an undisputed adventurous way to explore this African gem at your own pace. But being a foreigner in an African country may be road trip hassle few first timers want to deep themselves into. If you have the guts for it, go—Uganda is a beautiful peaceful country that will reward your brevity with unwritten cultural and natural experiences. However, if you decide to to try a guided trip before you taste the safari roads on your own, check out our tailor-made guided trips for inspiration. Our safari experts will be happy to help you craft a marvelous trip.