Uganda’s Mammals

This one’s no secret – Africa’s best known for it’s wildlife phenomenon, and Uganda’s take an impressive peace of the wild pie. The official checklist of mammals found in Uganda numbers 342 species, with both west and east African mammals being well represented. Using the same distinction between small and large mammals as that of the checklist, 132 of the species recorded in Uganda can be classified as large mammals and the other small mammals. The small mammals consist of 94 bat species, 70 rats and mice, 33 shrews and otter shrews, eight gerbils, four elephant shrews and a solitary golden mole.

If you’re lucky enough to consider a wildlife-watching experience while on safari in Africa, consider visiting Uganda’s magnificent wildlife reserves. The thrills of a typical African safari are many. On a self-drive trip, you might have anxious antelopes springing across the road as you approach, while their mellower buddies just stand there outside your window, twitching their tails in the sunlight.

If you’ve chosen to hoist yourself up into a safari truck, you may find yourself chauffeured into the midst of a herd of elephants, their wrinkled hides almost close enough to touch or park right in front of a large herd of buffalo lying in a field on a night drive and experience the adrenaline hike with dangerously skittish beasts like the twinkle of dozens of tiny eyes in the moonlight.

A walking safari among the African bush with an expert local will deliver the right jilt of experience up your spine. Boat trips can offer close-up Uganda mammals experiences that a revered by many a traveler.

What follows is an overview of the large and small mammal species known to occur in Uganda pointing out clearly the distribution and habitat within Uganda but first, get familiar with what a traveler may consider the most dangerous animals in Uganda.

Table of Mammals in Uganda


These are mammals of an order that includes the lemurs, bushbabies, tarsiers, marmosets, monkeys, apes, and humans. They are distinguished by having hands, feet that are similar to hands, and forward-facing eyes, and, with the exception of humans, are typically agile tree-dwellers.

Primates are exceptionally well represented in Uganda with the present checklist showing off 13 diurnal and six nocturnal species. Six of the diurnal primates found in Uganda are guenon monkeys. The velvet and blue guenon monkeys, for instance, are both widespread African species known by at least five different common names, and both have over 20 recognized races, some of which are considered by some authorities to be separate species.


The great apes are so closely related to humans that even scientists place the chimpanzee as closely related to humans than it is to any other ape. There are four ape species, of which two are found in Uganda.


All the monkeys found in Uganda are members of the family Old World Monkeys (Cercopithecidae). They fall into five genera: Colobus (closely related to the leaf-eating monkeys of Asia), Cercopithecus (guenons), Papio (baboons), Erythrocebus (patas) and Cercocebus (mangabeys). Read more …

Nocturnal Primates 

Seldom observed on account of their nocturnal habits, the prosimians are a relic group of primitive primates more closely related to the lemurs of Madagascar than to the diurnal monkeys and apes of the African mainland.

Carnivores Animals in Uganda

A total of 38 carnivores have been recorded in Uganda: five canid species, seven felines, three hyenas, ten mongooses, six mustelids (otters, badgers and weasels) and seven viverrids (civets and genets).

Felines (Cats)

Feline, (family Felidae), these include any of 37 cat species that among others include the cheetah, puma, jaguar, leopard, lion, lynx, tiger, and domestic cat. Cats are native to almost every region on Earth, with the exception of Australia and Antarctica. They are carnivorous mammals that live in a wide variety of habitats, but they are typically woodland animals.

Smaller Cats (Felis)

Canids (Dog Family)

The Canidae is a family of medium-sized carnivores of which the most familiar is the domestic dog. Five species, all recognizably dog-like in appearance and habits — are some of the mammals present in Uganda, though none is very common.

Other Carnivores


Antelope in Uganda

Some 29 antelope species — about one-third of the African total are included on the checklist for Uganda. There are probably no more than ten roan antelope remaining in Uganda, while no oryx are left at all. Of the species that do occur, live into the category of large antelope, eight in the category of medium-sized antelope, and the remainder are small antelope. Read more …

Large antelope

Medium-sized antelope

Very small antelope

Large Herbivore Mammals found in Uganda

Other Herbivores

Get Updates & More

Thoughtful thoughts to your inbox